Health Encyclopedia:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Kyphoplasty

Side view of compressed vertebra and disks. Needle goes through back of vertebra into vertebral body.

Kyphoplasty is a procedure that can help relieve the pain of vertebral compression fracture. (This is a collapse of bone in your spine most commonly caused by osteoporosis.) It does this by strengthening your spine (vertebrae) with special cement. The procedure usually takes 30 to 45 minutes.

Preparing for the procedure

Tell your healthcare provider about all medicines you take. This includes over-the-counter medicines, herbs, vitamins, and other supplements.

  • Ask your healthcare provider if there are medicines you must stop taking before the procedure.

  • Do not eat or drink anything for at least 8 hours before the procedure.

  • Arrange for an adult family member or friend to drive you home.

During the procedure

Side view of compressed vertebra and disks. Needle goes through back of vertebra into vertebral body and injects cement in open space left by balloon.

Your healthcare provider will give you anesthesia. This is medicine to keep you from feeling pain during the procedure. During kyphoplasty:

  • Your surgeon makes one or more tiny incisions in your back.

  • Using video X-ray images as a guide, your surgeon inserts a hollow tube through the incision into the collapsed vertebra.

  • A small balloon is passed through the tube into the vertebra. There it is inflated to open a space.

  • The balloon is then removed and the empty space is filled with special cement for bones.

Risks and complications

Kyphoplasty is considered safe. If complications do happen, they may include the following:

  • Nerve damage

  • Cement leakage

  • Heart or lung problems

  • New or unrelieved back pain

  • Infection

After the procedure

You will be sent to a recovery room after the procedure. Usually, you will go home later the same day. Or, you may stay the night in a hospital room. Once you’re ready to go home, your healthcare provider will tell you how to care for yourself.

When to call your healthcare provider

Call your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38.0°C) or higher

  • New pain, weakness, tingling, or numbness in your legs

  • New or unrelieved back pain

Online Medical Reviewer: Dozier, Tennille, RN, BSN, RDMS
Online Medical Reviewer: Joseph, Thomas N., MD
Last Review Date: 7/1/2016
© 2000-2016 The StayWell Company, LLC. 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.